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History of Parramatta

 

Parramatta is a small but fast-growing suburb located about 15 miles from downtown Sydney along the famous Parramatta River. On top of being one of the most popular suburban communities in New South Wales, Parramatta is also the administrative headquarters of the City of Parramatta, an administrative zone that stretches between the City of Ryde and Cumberland Plain. It is also an up-and-coming center of commerce for the Greater Western Sydney. As of 2016, Parramatta had a population of over 25,000 residents, and being one of the premier Parramatta Locksmiths, our team at Britlock have taken a keen interest in the cities History.

Archaeological evidence suggests that the Parramatta area was inhabited by humans from as far back as 300 centuries. The last know native inhabitants of the area were the Darug tribesmen, a subgroup of the Indigenous Australian people. Their settlements were concentrated along the Parramatta River which was one of their main sources of food. During the arrival of the Europeans, in this case, the English settlers, the area was referred to as Burramatta.

In 1788, the English settlers arrived on the Australian coast and established a settlement that became modern-day Sydney. Later that year, they ventured inland along the Parramatta River and established another smaller settlement which developed to become today’s suburb of Parramatta. This makes Parramatta the second oldest community in Australia after Sydney.

Just like the Darug people before them, the English settlers chose the Parramatta area due to its rich cultivatable soils and freshwater, two commodities which had proven to be scarce in the Sydney Cove area. The new settlement was given the name “Rose Hill” but was later changed to Parramatta, an approximation of the term Burramatta which was used by the Darug tribesmen. A section of the land was given to James Ruse, one of the convicts who had arrived with the English settlers, on an experimental basis. The Ruse project turned out to be a huge success, making him the first person to grow grain in Australia. The settlement would later become the location of the first wool industry in Australia which was established in the1790s.

Parramatta developed gradually over the years as an agricultural and industrial center. It also served as home to several administrators during the colonial period including Governor Arthur Phillip, Governor Lachlan Macquarie, and Governor Brisbane. By 1819, the area had several permanent buildings and a school constructed by the English settlers for the Aboriginal children as a show of good faith on their part. Today, Parramatta is a “small city” with a fast-growing population and a thriving tourism industry among other great features